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European History Articles

Where to begin in a discussion of European history? So much has taken place on the continent, where we can trace back the culture and influence of the Western World.

Whether your interest is piqued by ancient, medieval, or modern European history, we’ve got you covered. Fascinated by the Roman empire? Discover the worst emperors to have ruled over it, the Great Fire of Rome that nearly destroyed the city, and how the Sack of Rome at the hands of mercenaries ushered in a new era. Can’t get enough of the medieval period? It’s not all dragons and elves here; rather, we’re doing a deep dive into famous rebellions (such as the Peasants’ Revolt and the Germans Peasants’ War), the bloody Crusades, and the real historical origins of the mythical wizard Merlin.

Finally, we reach modern European history. Prepare to be surprised by the tidbits you’ll learn about the Napoleonic Wars, the French Revolution, and other major events from the early modern period. Perhaps you’re curious about legendary historical figures. From Winston Churchill quotes to Marie Antoinette’s downfall, there’s no shortage of knowledge about influential European people in our archives.

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10 Books About Powerful Families

Their rise, their fall, and every scandalous detail in between. 

7 Remarkable War Memorials in England

These striking monuments pay tribute to those who served.

Alchemy Was the Marketing Scheme of the Medieval World

Wealthy people were eager to believe the discipline's bold claims.

French Knight Gilles de Rais Inspired the Folktale “Bluebeard”

A veteran of the Hundred Years' War, he earned a chilling legacy later in life.

Explore the 20th Century Through Martin Gilbert's Best Books

The prolific author and historian was a leading expert on Nazi Germany and other momentous events.

Simon the Cat Won a Dickin Medal for His Royal Navy Service

This four-legged friend prowled the decks of the HMS Amethyst, where he was present for the Yangtze Incident.

8 Intriguing Facts About the Mona Lisa

Learn more about the history of the enigmatic portrait.

Witold Pilecki and the Secret Polish Army Led Resistance in Poland During WWII

This war hero infiltrated Auschwitz as a spy for the resistance.

5 Royal Scandals Throughout History

These faux pas tarnished several family names.

The Historical Origins of the Wizard Merlin

The legendary wizard in King Arthur's court has a surprisingly complex backstory.

Joan of England Was an Early Victim of the Black Death

Not yet familiar with the plague, her entourage underestimated its severity.

The Affair of the Diamond Necklace Contributed To Marie Antoinette's Downfall

The scam caused the French queen's reputation to further deteriorate.

How Ivan the Terrible Earned His Nickname

The Russian tsar had a fearsome reputation.

A Shocking Incident Led to the War of Jenkins' Ear

One man's mutilation instigated a major conflict between Britain and Spain.

The Cult of the Supreme Being: A New Religion in Revolutionary France

The French Revolution left fertile ground for a new approach to religion.

The History of the Corset, a Garment Fraught with Misconceptions

Often demonized as patriarchal torture devices, these garments were seen as a practicality in their day.

8 Gripping Books About the Fight for Irish Independence

What caused the bitter divide within Ireland—and how did it shape the country we know today?

6 Historical Political Cartoons That Capture the Hopes and Fears of the Past

These satirical drawings reveal the debates that dominated bygone eras.