These Medieval Weapons Shaped Warfare for Centuries

It wasn't all just swords and lances...

medieval weapons battle of agincourt
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  • Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

1. Iron-tipped Arrows

medieval weapons; iron-tipped arrows
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  • Arrowheads circa 13th-15th century. These iron-tipped arrows are sometimes also called bodkin points.

    Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

2. Greek Fire

medieval weapons; greek fire
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  • Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

3. Crossbows

medieval weapons; crossbows and longbows
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  • Archers at the Battle of Crecy. Crossbows to the left, longbows to the right. 

    Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

4. Lances

medieval weapons knight with lance
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  • Drawing of a knight carrying a lance, circa 1656. 

    Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

5. Trebuchets

medieval weapons trebuchet
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  • Caerlaverock Castle's replica of their 14th-century trebuchet. 

    Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

6. Longbows

7. Cannons

medieval weapons Mons Meg cannon
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  • The Mons Meg cannon, built in 1449, at Edinburgh Castle. 

    Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

8. Firearms

medieval weapons
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  • Oldest known European depiction of a firearm. 

    Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons